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History of Afghanistan War

Afghanistan War

Afghanistan War,a worldwide clash in Afghanistan beginning in 2001 that was depart by the 9/11 assaults and comprised of three stages. The main stage—bringing down the Taliban (the traditionalist political and strict group that managed Afghanistan and gave asylum to al-Qaeda, culprits of the September 11 assaults)— was brief, enduring only two months. The(afghanistan war) subsequent stage, from 2002 until 2008, was set apart by a U.S. system of overcoming the Taliban militarily and revamping center organizations of the Afghan state. The third stage, a go to exemplary counterinsurgency convention, started in 2008 and sped up with U.S. Pres. Barack Obama’s 2009 choice to briefly build the U.S. troop presence in Afghanistan. The bigger power was utilized to carry out a procedure of shielding the populace from Taliban assaults and supporting endeavors to reintegrate extremists into Afghan culture. The procedure came combined with a schedule for the(Afghanistan war) withdrawal of the unfamiliar powers from Afghanistan; starting in 2011, security obligations would be steadily given over to the Afghan military and police. The new methodology generally neglected to accomplish its points. Extremist assaults and regular citizen losses remained tenaciously high, while large numbers of the Afghan military and police units assuming(Afghanistan war) control over security obligations had all the earmarks of being not well ready to hold off the Taliban. When the U.S. what’s more, NATO battle mission officially finished in December 2014, the 13-year Afghanistan War had become the longest conflict at any point battled by the United States.

Afghanistan War

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Date: December 2001 – 2014

Members: Afghanistan United States Al-Qaeda Taliban

Setting: September 11 assaults

Significant Events: Battle of Tora Bora

Key People: George W. Shrubbery Dick Cheney Hamid Karzai Barack Obama David Petraeus.(Afghanistan war)

Preface to the September 11 assaults

The joint U.S. furthermore, British attack of Afghanistan in late 2001 was gone before by more than twenty years of battle in(Afghanistan war) Afghanistan (see Afghan War). On December 24, 1979, Soviet tanks thundered across the Amu Darya River. Be that as it may, the Soviet presence ignited a cross country disobedience by warriors—known as the mujahideen—who drew upon Islam as a joining wellspring of motivation. These contenders won broad secretive support from Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, and the United States and were participated in their battle by unfamiliar volunteers (who before long framed an organization, known as al-Qaeda, to arrange their endeavors). The(Afghanistan war) guerrilla battle against the Soviet powers prompted their takeoff in 1989. In the Soviets’ nonattendance, the mujahideen removed Afghanistan’s Soviet-sponsored government and set up a momentary government.

Soviet attack of Afghanistan

A Soviet protected vehicle moving past a gathering of regular people during the Soviet intrusion of Afghanistan, December 1979.

File Photos/Getty Images

The mujahideen were politically divided, in any case, and in 1994 outfitted clash raised. It organized a serious translation of Islamic law that, for instance, prohibited female(Afghanistan war) instruction and endorsed the cutting off of hands, or even execution, as discipline for trivial violations. That very year, al-Qaeda pioneer Osama container Laden was invited to Afghanistan (having been removed from Sudan) and set up his association’s base camp there. With al-Qaeda’s assistance, the Taliban won control of more than 90% of Afghan region by the mid year of 2001. On September 9 of that year, al-Qaeda hit men did the death of renowned(Afghanistan war) mujahideen pioneer Ahmad Shah Masoud, who at the time was driving the Northern Alliance as it fought the Taliban and who had fruitlessly looked for more prominent U.S. backing for his endeavors.

The September 11 assaults and the U.S.- British intrusion

The capturing and smashing of four U.S. jetliners on September 11, 2001, carried moment thoughtfulness regarding Afghanistan. The plot had been brought forth by al-Qaeda, and a portion of the 19 thieves had prepared in Afghanistan. In the repercussions of the assaults, the(Afghanistan war) organization of U.S. Pres. George W. Hedge blended around a technique of first removing the Taliban from Afghanistan and destroying al-Qaeda, however others mulled over activities in Iraq, including long-standing designs for overturning Pres. Saddam Hussein. Bramble requested that Taliban chief Mullah Mohammed Omar “convey to [the] United States specialists every one of the heads of al-Qaeda who stow away in your territory,” and when Omar declined, U.S. authorities started carrying out an arrangement for war.

History of Afghanistan War

Mohammad Omar.

U.S. authorities trusted that by banding together with the Afghans they could try not to send a huge power to Afghanistan. Pentagon authorities were particularly worried that the United States not be brought into an extended control of Afghanistan, as had happened with the Soviets over twenty years earlier. The(Afghanistan war) United States depended essentially on the Northern Alliance, which had recently lost Massoud however had pulled together under different administrators, including Tajik pioneer Mohammed Fahim and Abdul Rashid Dostum, a Uzbek. The Americans additionally cooperated with against Taliban Pashtuns in southern Afghanistan, including a mostly secret ancestral pioneer named Hamid Karzai.

The CIA group was before long joined by U.S. also, British exceptional powers contingents, and together they gave arms, hardware, and counsel to the Afghans. They additionally helped arrange focusing for the air crusade, which started on(Afghanistan war) October 7, 2001, with U.S. what’s more, British conflict planes beating Taliban targets, along these lines denoting the public beginning of Operation Enduring Freedom. In late October, Northern Alliance powers started to surpass a progression of towns once in the past held by the Taliban. The powers worked with U.S. help, yet they resisted U.S. wishes when, on November 13, they walked into Kabul as the Taliban withdrew without a battle.

Afghanistan: U.S. Exceptional Forces and Northern Alliance

U.S. Exceptional Forces working with individuals from the Northern Alliance in Afghanistan, November 12, 2001.(Afghanistan war)

U.S. Division of Defense

Kandahar, the most important city in southern Afghanistan and therefore the Taliban’s otherworldly home, fell on December 6, denoting the finish of Taliban power. It had been attacked by an influence drove by Karzai that moved in from the north and one(Afghanistan war) instructed by Gul Agha Sherzai that best in school from the south; both worked with substantial help from the United States. As the Taliban initiative withdrew into Afghanistan’s rustic regions and across the line to Pakistan, hostile to Taliban figures gathered at a United Nations (UN)- supported meeting in Bonn, Germany. With in the background moving by the United States, Karzai was chosen to lead the country on a break premise.

A serious manhunt for Omar, receptacle Laden, and al-Qaeda vice president Ayman al-Zawahiri was embraced. Before the killing of receptacle Laden by U.S. powers in 2011 (see underneath), the Americans were accepted to have come nearest to receptacle(Afghanistan war) Laden in the December 2001 clash of Tora Bora (container Laden’s mountain fortress). However, receptacle Laden was thought to have figured out how to have slipped into Pakistan with the assistance of Afghan and Pakistani powers that were as far as anyone knows helping the Americans. Pundits later addressed why the U.S. military had permitted Afghan powers to lead the attack on the cavern complex at Tora Bora as opposed to doing it without anyone else’s help. (To be sure, Democratic official competitor Sen.(Afghanistan war) John Kerry made this analysis over and again during the 2004 general political race.) Al-Qaeda therefore restored its headquarters in the ancestral regions that structure Pakistan’s northwest boundary with Afghanistan. Omar and his top Taliban lieutenants got comfortable and around the Pakistani city of Quetta, in the distant southwestern region of Balochistān. One of the last significant skirmishes of the main period of the conflict came in March 2002 with Operation Anaconda in the eastern territory of Paktia, which included U.S. furthermore, Afghan powers battling around 800 al-Qaeda and Taliban aggressors. The activity likewise denoted the passage of other nations’ soldiers into the conflict: unique tasks powers from Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, and Norway partook.

Iraq becomes the overwhelming focus

With the ouster of the Taliban and al-Qaeda, the global center moved to recreation and country building endeavors in(Afghanistan war) Afghanistan. In April 2002 Bush declared a Marshall Plan for Afghanistan in a discourse at the Virginia Military Institute, promising considerable monetary help. Be that as it may, from the beginning, improvement endeavors in Afghanistan were deficiently subsidized, as consideration had turned among U.S. authorities to the approaching a showdown in Iraq. Somewhere in the range of 2001 and 2009, simply more than $38 billion in philanthropic and remaking help to Afghanistan was appropriated by the U.S. Congress. The greater part the cash went to preparing and preparing Afghan security powers, and the rest of a(Afghanistan war) negligible portion of the sum that specialists said would be needed to foster a country that had reliably positioned close to the lower part of worldwide human improvement lists. The guide program was additionally beset by squander and by disarray about whether regular citizen or military specialists had liability regarding driving instruction, wellbeing, agriculture and so on.


Location: Afghanistan

Combatants: its, Taliban

Soviet–Af… War

War on terror

Afghanistan conflict

Gulf War

Vietnam War

2003 invasion of Iraq

Taliban insurgency

Withdrawal of United States troo…

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